Archive pour février, 2012

UMUCO WO GUKURIKIRA ABANYAPOLITIKE BUHUMYI N’UCIKE BURUNDU

Rubyiruko rw’u Rwanda bavandimwe,

 

U Rwanda rwacu ni igihugu gito mu myagukire, ariko kinini cyane mu mateka akabakaba imyaka 500 Yose. Muri ayo mateka maremare u Rwanda rwacu rwanyuze muri byinshi byiza ndetse n’ibibi, harimo intambara zo kwagura igihugu no kukirema ngo kibe u Rwanda rw’ubu nyirizina.

Hakunze kuvugwa ibiza n’amapfa yagiye ahitana ndetse akangiza byinshi. Ariko ibyo byose ntabwo byatumye u Rwanda rureka kubaho ndetse abanyoro n’abanyabungo barwigarurira, ntibashoboye kuruhindura izina cyangwa ngo rube imwe mu ntara yabo!

Ibi bikatwereka ko u Rwanda ruzahoraho, ko abanyarwanda tuzajya turusimburanamo uko ibisekuru bizagenda bisimburana.

Ibi rero bitumba nkunda kwibaza nti: ESE IBYO DUKORA UBU TUJYA DUFATA AKANYA NGO TWIBAZE UKO IGIHUGU TUZARAGA ABANA N’ABUZUKURU KIZABA KIMEZE?CYANGWA DUKORA NK’ABUMVA BAZATURA U RWANDA NKA KALISIMBI NA MUHABURA?

Mu mateka maremare dufite tugenda dusangamo abanyarwanda b’ingeri nyinshi bagiye bakorera igihugu ibintu byiza cyangwa bibi ariko byombi byatumye bubahwa cyangwa bagatinywa bihebuje ndetse bamwe bakaza no kuvamo ibigirwamana bagaturwa, bagasengwa, bagasingizwa.

Mu banyarwanda bazwi hambere bamwe ni nka GIHANGA NGOMIJANA wahanze u Rwanda n’abanyarwanda akaba yari umuhanga muri politike ndetse ari n’umunyabukorikori kubera ukuntu ngo yaba yari azi gucura ibintu byinshi mu butare.

Abami bitwaga ab’imishumi bamukurikiye bose bari ibirangirire muri iyi misozi igihumbi tureba itatse u Rwanda. Aha kandi nakongeraho n’abafashaga abanyarwanda mu migenzo y’iyobokamana navuga nk’umubyeyi NYABINGI, LYANGOMBE RYA BABINGA BA NYUNDO n’abandi…

Twavuga umwami RUGANZU NDOLI wimikiwe i Gatsibo ahungutse ava i Karagwe aho nyirasenge yari yarashatse yabaye ikirangirire mu mateka y’u Rwanda. UMUCO WO GUKURIKIRA ABANYAPOLITIKE BUHUMYI N'UCIKE BURUNDU Rudahigwa-218x300

Nihuse gato navuga umwami KIGELI WA KANE RWABUGIRI wimye ingoma imyaka myinshi ku rusha abami bose bimye i Rwanda. Yarakunzwe cyane ku buryo bivugwa ko nta mwami waba warakunzwe mu mateka y’u Rwanda nkawe.

Sinarangiza ntavuze BASEBYA BA NYIRANTWALI na RUKARA RWA BISHINGWE kubera uburangirire bagize mu mateka y’u Rwanda.

Bwarakeye hakuzira umuzungu KANAYOGE (Richard Kandt) maze ahata abanyarwanda imbunda n’ikiboko ibintu biracika ariko na none abanyarwanda bamuyoboka ku ngufu.

Umwami Musinga n’umuhungu we wamusimbuye Rudahigwa nabo abanyarwanda babahaye rugali!

Musenyeri PERODE yaravugaga rikijyana aza no kugira uruhare rugaragara mu mihirikire y’ingoma y’abami yari imyaka amagana.

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Grégoire Kayibanda

Haba haje Gregori Kayibanda na Parmehutu benshi mu banyarwanda ntawashidikanya ko babyishimiye hakagera naho intero yagize iti: KIRIZIYA NI GATOLIKA NAHO ISHYAKA NI PARMEHUTU.

Ntibwakeye kabili Generali JUVENAL HABYARIMANA aba araje n’icyo yise Revolution ngaruramuco, atubumbira muri muvoma, yongeraho ko aribwo bwato buzatwambutsa inyanja y’ubukene. Animasiyo turazikora si ugucinya akadiho karahava,turirimba UMUGAMBI NI UMWE BANYARWANDA ku bazi iyo ndirimbo!

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Juvénal Habyalimana

Tutaragera mu byicaro imbunda ziba zitangiye kutumishaho amasasu, iya 1990 iba iratangiye benshi mu banyarwanda bakaba baratunuwe niyo nkundura kubera ko bari barabwiwe ko baba muri paradizo y’ubumwe amahoro n’amajyambere ashingiye kuri Komine! Ntabwo bari barabwiwe ko ibihumbi n’ibihumbi bya bene Gihanga baborogeraga mu mashyamba, n’inkambi iyo ishyanga nka TOORO, NSHUNGEREZI, MUSHIHA, MUYINGA, GAHUNJYE.. n’ahandi kw’isi yose.

Genocide iti aha sinahatangwa imbaga ya bene GIHANGA irahashengabarira hasigara mbarwa.

Ngiyo imishwaro, inzara, indwara, ubuhunzi n’amatage bisimburwa n’ibindi! Muri iyo nkubiri haje kuvamo ikirangirire Generali PAUL KAGAME n’umuryango wa FPR n’ingabo zayo maze haririmbwa itsinzi biracika, imisanzu, ingando, amatorero n’imihigo biravumera.

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Paul Kagame

Nkuko byagenze kuva kera abanyarwanda barayoboka ababyanze bahezwa ishyanga, bamwe bicirwa yo abandi bacyurwa ku ngufu maze ahasigaye bose bagirwa INTORE!!

Nkuko rero mubibona muri aya mateka ahinnye, kuba ibiriho ubu nabyo bizageraho bikarangira ntawabihakana kuko bidatandukanye cyane n’ibyabibanjirije, igikenewe rero kihutirwa ni ugukora kugirango bitarangira hamenetse amaraso y’abanyarwanda nkuko byagenze mu myaka yo hambere.

Ikigaragara cyane ni uko abanyarwanda muri rusange twaranzwe n’amateka yo kugendera ku bantu ku giti cyabo tutitaye ku murage rusange tuzaraga abadukomokaho, ingero za hafi natangani uko kuba abarwanashyaka na MDR-PARMEHUTU bigaragara ko bari bafite imyumvire yuko Perezida GREGORI KAYIBANDA ariwe nyirayo (bwite) akaba ari nayo mpamvu y’ingenzi yatumye amaze gupfa nayo yazimye burundu. Ntabwo perezida GREGORI KAYIBANDA yapfanye n’abarwanashyaka bose ba MDR, none kubera iki habuze abarwanashyaka bayo batsimbaraye ku mahame remezo yayo bayikomeje n’ubwo byari bigoye icyo gihe,ntibivuga ko umuntu areka ikintu afata nk’ukuri keretse iyo yakibagamo kubera izindi mpamvu!!!

Aha twibuke ko MDR yaje kongera kuvutswa mu gihe cy’amashyaka menshi, yari itandukanye niya Gregoire Kayibanda mu myumvire ndetse no mu migirire ntaho rero twahera tubigereranya keretse wenda ku marangamutima gusa.

Ibi byarabaye no kuri MRND yaje kuvamo MRNDD ariko kugeza ubu kubera ko nayo yari ishingiye kuri Juvenal Habyarimana, nyuma akaza kwicwa ntabwo abahoze ari abayoboke bayo bajya ahagaragara ngo bashimagire ideologie y’iryo shyaka nk’ibitekerezo bemeraga icyo gihe n’ubu bagihagazeho. Ibi bikatwereka ko n’ubundi MRND yari umushinga wa Juvenal Habyarimana naho abandi bose bari ingwizamubare, kuba rero yarapfuye akaba yarapfanye nayo.

Kugeza magingo aya rero no muri FPR ni uko abanyamuryango bayo ni ingwizamurongo ntaho bahuriye n’imigirire, imikorere yayo, ntabwo bakubwira ideologie bafite n’uburyo bashingiraho bayobora igihugu, FPR ikiri mu ishyamba nibura ho byari bitandukanye n’ubu kuko philosophie y’ishyaka yigishwaga abanyamuryango ndetse bagatanga n’ibitekerezo binyuze mu nzego nyinshi zariho icyo gihe. Ariko kuva yagera ku butegetsi, Paul Kagame niwe ufata ibyemezo hafi ya byose ku buryo abanyamuryango abize n’abatarize bose bemeranya ko Paul Kagame ariwe nyir’ishyaka.

Ibi nabyo byerekana ko amaherezo ya FPR/PAUL KAGAME atazaba atandukanye naya MDR/GREGORI KAYIBANDA cyangwa MRNDD/JUVENAL HABYARIMANA.

Muri iki gihe rero hari abanyarwanda b’ingeri nyinshi usanga batari muri FPR cyangwa bayirimo kubera izindi nyungu zijyanye no kwishakira amaramuko cyangwa ubwoba runaka. Ariko na none hari n’abandi batayirimo kandi ntibabarizwe mu yindi mitwe ya politike, bakubwira bati jye sinakurikira Twagiramungu kuko yagambaniye abahutu, ko Generali Emmanuel Habyarimana ari igisambo, bati General Kayumba ntaho ataniye na General Kagame bose ni abicanyi n’ibindi ntarondogora muri iyi nyandiko.

Ibi rero byerekana ukuntu abanyarwanda muri rusange tutarasobanukirwa neza inshingano zacu nka bene igihugu, mu gushakira umurongo ukwiye igihugu cyacu kigomba kugenderaho ndetse n’igihugu tuzaraga abazadukomokaho.

-Kuki tutiyumvisha ko u Rwanda ruruta abantu ku giti cyabo? kandi amateka abyerekana neza.

-Kuki ushobora gutanga inshingano zawe ukazegeka ku munyarwanda mugenzi wawe,

ingero: Twagiramungu, Kayumba, Ingabire, Kagame n’abandi……?

-Ese kuki duha abanyapolitike ububasha twakagombye gukoresha ubwacu?

Banyarwanda bavandimwe cyane cyane abakiri bato, ni mucyo twiminjiremo agafu maze duce uyu muco mubi utajyanye n’igihe tugezemo waranze umuryango nyarwanda wo kwikuraho responsabilité tukazegeka ku banyapolitike kenshi batanabidusabye.

Twirinde kujya mu mashyaka tugiye gushaka umugati cyangwa imyanya izatuma twigwizaho imitungo mu gihe tugambanira inyungu rusange z’abanyarwanda n’ejo hazaza. Twange gukomeza gukurikira abantu buhumyi cyane cyane mu mashyaka adatuma abayoboke bayo bafata ibyemezo bikomeye, aho amashyaka aba ameze nk’akarima ku muntu ku giti cye.

Ni mucyo duharanire icyatuma umuryango nyarwanda uba umwe hatitawe ku bwoko, akarere, amikorondetse n’amashuri nkuko bamwe basigaye babyitwaza. Nta munyapolitike uzashobora guhindura igihugu cyacu akarima ke tutamutije umurindi. Nta wundi ugomba kubikora ni wowe nanjye. Ibi bigomba gukorwa kuva uyu munsi si ejo kubera ko uko dukomeza gutinda ari ko dukomeza kwiroha ahakomeye.

U RWANDA ni urwawe munyarwanda aho uri hose, cyane cyane rubyiruko mugifite ingufu zo kurukorera, si urwa perezida cyangwa abategetsi ahubwo buri munyarwanda wese afitemo umugabane umwe ungana nuwa mugenzi we.

Ni mucyo duharanire ukuri, ubumwe, ubworoherane no guharanira icyatuma twiteza imbere mu bukungu bubereye imbaga nyarwanda muri rusange, butari ubw’agatsiko.

 

Mugire Amahoro

Michael Rwarinda

bmrwarinda@yahoo.com

Whitney Houston yitabye Imana arohamye mu bwogero (baignoire)

Whitney Houston yitabye Imana arohamye mu bwogero (baignoire) whitney-houston-20080412-398821

Whitney Houston mu myaka ya za 1990

Umunyamuzikakazi akaba n’umukinnyi wa Filimi w’umunyamerikakazi Whitney Houston, Umwe mu banyamuziki w’injyana ya pop wagurishije album nyinshi, yitabye Imana kuri uyu wa gatandatu tariki ya 11 Gashyantare 2012 afite imyaka 48 y’amavuko mu ihoteli umwe iri i Beverly Hills. Nk’uko bivugwa n’urubuga People TMZ, rwatangaje ayo makuru mbere, uyu muririmbyikazi yitabye Imana arohamye mu bwogero (baignoire) bwo mu cyumba cye. Amakuru atangwa na Polisi nk’uko bivugwa n’urubuga People TMZ, nta biyobyabwenge basanze mu cyumba, ariko ngo polisi yabonye amacupa y’imiti menshi arimo ubusa. Kugerageza kwiga ku murambo ngo barebe icyamwishe (autopsie) bigomba gukorwa kugirango hamenyekane impamvu nyazo zateye urupfu rw’icyo cyamamare mu njyana ya Pop.

Umuntu umwe wo mu nshuti ze yahamagaye abatabazi saa kenda n’iminota 43 (15h43), abo batabazi bageze mu minota mike mu cyumba kiri mu igorifa ya 4, abakozi b’iyo hoteli bashinzwe umutekano barimo bagerageza gufasha uwo mucuranzikazi ngo barebe ko yagarura ubuzima. Urupfu rwe rwatangajwe nyuma yaho gato.

Nk’uko Televisiyo CNN ibivuga, ni inshuti ye, umuririmbyi wa R&B Ray-J, wahamagaye abatabazi.

IJWI (« THE VOICE/LA VOIX »)

Whitney Houston wari warahimbwe ”Ijwi” yagaragaye cyane ku rubuga rwa muzika mu njyana za Pop na Soul muri Leta zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika mu myaka ya 1980 na 1990, yagurishije miliyoni 170 z’albums. Muzamenyekanye cyane hari « How Will I Know »« Saving all My Love for You » na « I Will Always Love You« , indirimbo yabaye ikirangirire muri 1992 na  filimi yitwa « Bodyguard » yakinanye n’umukinnyi wa filimi Kevin Costner.  Guinness World Records itangaza ko Whitney Houston ariwe muririmbyi w’umukobwa w’ibihe byose wabonye ibihembo byinshi kubera ijwi rye ryiza ndetse n’indirmbo ze zakunzwe n’abatari bake. Ibyo bihembo byose hamwe bigera kuri 415. Muri ibyo bihembo harimo Grammy Awards 6, American Music Awards 22, Billboard Music Awards 30 n’ibindi.

Image de prévisualisation YouTubeYari mubyara wa Dionne Warwick akaba n’umukobwa w’umuririmbyi wa korali Cissy Houston, yari yaravutse tariki ya 9 Kanama 1963 ahitwa Newark muri Leta ya New Jersey muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika. Yari yaratangiye ibya muzika nyuma yo kubanza kuba umumannequin.

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Muri iyi minsi ya nyuma yagaragaraga nk'utameze neza.

Guhera mu myaka ya 2000, ibibazo byo gukoresha ibiyobyabwenge byatumye Whitney Houston avugwa cyane mu bitangazamakuru, mu gihe umwanya we mu bya muzika wari umaze gufatwa n’abaririmbyi bakiri bato nka ba Mariah Carey nyuma  Beyoncé cyangwa Rihanna.

Muri  2009, nyuma y’imyaka atagaragara ku rubuga rwa muzika aho icyo gihe yavugwaga cyane kubera ibiyobyabwenge aho kuvugwa kubera muzika, Whitney Houston yasohoye album yitwa « I look to you », itarakunzwe cyane.  » Nshobora guhangana n’akababaro, ariko ubuzima bwanjye ntabwo ari ibyo gusa”, ni ko yaririmbaga mu ndirimbo « Nothin’ but love », yari kuri Album ya nyuma yasohoye.

Muri  2010, yaburijemo igice kimwe cy’ibitaramo yagombaga gukorera mu Burayi ashyirwa mu bitaro i Paris mu Bufaransa kubera ikibazo mu myanya y’ubuhumekero, yakomeje guhura n’ingorane zishingiye ku biyobyabwenge ku buryo mu mwaka ushize yari mu gikorwa cyo kugerageza kureka ibiyobyabwenge (cure de désintoxication). Yaherukaga kugaragara mu ruhame kuri uyu wa kane tariki ya 9 Gashyantare 2012, imbere y’ububyiniro (discothèque) I Hollywood agaragara nk’utameze neza.

Yitabye Imana habura igihe gito ngo habe ku nshuro ya 54, Grammy Awards, icyo umuntu yagereranya na « Oscars » za muzika muri Leta zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika, zagombaga gutangira kuri iki cyumweru tariki ya 12 Gashyantare 2012 ku mugoroba, I Los Angeles kandi  Whitney Houston yari yarashoboye kuyegukana inshuro 6 zose. Abateguye iyo mihango ya Grammys babwiye Televiziyo CNN ko iyo mihango izabaho ariko izahindurwa kugira ngo hibukwe Whitney Houston.

 

Marc MATABARO

RWIZA News

INGABO ZA CONGO NTABWO ZAFASHE IBIRINDIRO BYACU BIKURU: DR KANYAMIBWA WA RUD-URUNANA

INGABO ZA CONGO NTABWO ZAFASHE IBIRINDIRO BYACU BIKURU: DR KANYAMIBWA WA RUD-URUNANA images_FDLR___A_rebel_fighter_from_the_Democratic_Forces_for_the_Liberation_of_Rwanda_543726366

Umwe mu barwanyi b'abanyarwanda bari muri Congo

Mu minsi ishize  urubuga www.igihe.com, rwatangaje amakuru avuga ko hari amakuru rukesha Radio Okapi, aho umuvugizi w’ingabo za Congo ziri mu gikorwa cyiswe Opération Rwenzori,  Col Céléstin Ngereka, yatangaje ko ngo izo ngabo za Congo zafashe ibirindiro bikuru bya RUD-Urunana byari ahitwa Machuka ku birometero bigera ku ijana uvuye ahitwa Lubero mu ntara ya Kivu y’amajyaruguru.

Ngo imirwano yabaye kuva kuwa Gatatu tariki 1 kugeza kuwa Gatanu tariki 3 Gashyantare 2012.  Ingabo za Congo zivuga ko iyi mirwano yahitanye abo mu mutwe wa RUD babiri, hafatwa mpiri abarwanyi babiri umugore n’umugabo, ndetse hafatwa imbunda ebyiri zo mu bwoko bwa AK 47.

Tukimara kumva iyo nkuru twashatse abo muri RUD-Urunana ngo tubabaze niba iyo nkuru ari impamo. Twagiranye ikiganiro gito n’umukuru w’uwo mutwe Dr Félicien Kanyamibwa adusubiza muri aya magambo.”Biriya igisirikare cya Congo kivuga ntaho bihuriye n’ukuri kuzwi na bose. Muri biriya bavuga wenda ni ibyo bifuza kuzageraho, ariko ntabyigeze biba.”

Umutwe wa RUD Urunana ugizwe n’inyeshyamba z’Abanyarwanda bari ku butaka bwa Congo bitandukanije n’umutwe wa FDLR nawo urwanya leta y’u Rwanda.

 

Marc MATABARO

RWIZA News

BAMWE MU BAREGWA GUSHAKA KWICA LT GEN KAYUMBA NYAMWASA BAREKUWE

BAMWE MU BAREGWA GUSHAKA KWICA LT GEN KAYUMBA NYAMWASA BAREKUWE kayumba-nyamwasa1

Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa

Mu gitondo cyo ku wa gatanu ku itariki ya 10 Gashyanyare, Mu rukiko rw’i Johannesburg muri Afrika y’Epfo, rwaburanishaga abashatse kwica Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa ku nshuro ya kabiri igihe yari mu bitaro amaze kuraswa, rwafashe icyemezo cyo kurekura 4 muri 6 baregwaga muri urwo rubanza.

Abo bane bahanaguweho icyaha bitewe n’uko ibimenyetso ubushinjacyaha bwari bubafiteho bitari bigifite agaciro, bitewe n’uko umutangabuhamya w’ibanze muri urwo rubanza Issak MOHAMED yivuguruje kandi bikamenyekana ko yaba yarabonanye n’uruhande rw’abaregwa, kandi ubundi bitemewe n’amategeko.

Abandi babiri bo baraguma mu buroko kuko bo bagikurikiramyweho icyaha cyo gushaka kwica Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa ku nshuro ya mbere igihe yaraswaga! Ubu akazi gakurikiyeho kuri Polisi y’Afrika y’Epfo ni ukugerageza kureba niba hari ibimenyetso bishya bishinja bariya 4 bahanaguweho icyaha. Ariko umucamanza yavuze ko ubushinjacyaha bufite uburenganzira bwo kujuririra iki cyemezo cyo kurekura barya 4.

Mu basigaye mu buroko harimo umucuruzi Pascal Kanyandekwe washatse gutanga ruswa ya Miriyoni y’amadorali. Bivugwa ko ariwe wari wahawe akazi n’amafaranga na Leta ya Perezida Kagame ngo ashake abantu bica Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa.

Tubibutse ko nyuma y’iraswa rye Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, yakomeretse bikomeye mu nda, nyuma abishi bashaka no kumukurikirana mu bitaro aho yari arwariye ngo bamuhorahoze! Binavugwa ko atari izo nshuro zonyine bagerageje kumwivugana, kuko hari n’amajwi yafashwe aho bamwe mu bayobozi bakuru b’iperereza ry’U Rwanda (Gen Jack Nziza na Col Dan Munyuza) bakoreshaga uko bashoboye ngo bashake uburyo Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa yakwicwa ndetse hanakoreshejwe amarozi.

Amakuru menshi akomeje kuvuga ko uwo munyakenya Issak Mohamed, yaba yaratewe ubwoba ndetse akemererwa n’amafaranga atagira ingano n’uruhande rw’abaregwa. Si ubwa mbere Leta y’u Rwanda ishyira igitutu ku batangabuhamya bagahindura ubuhamya bwabo. Aha twavuga nka Ruzibiza washyizweho igitutu Leta ikoresheje abantu bo mu muryango we n’umugore we, cyangwa Emmanuel Ruzigana a.k.a Sederi nawe washyizweho igitutu hakoreshejwe muramu we Eugène Rutaganda, umwe mu bakuriye umuryango w’abatutsi b’abahezanguni batuye mu Burayi bw’amajyaruguru witwa Urukundo.

Ruben Barugahare

Rwiza News

ITANGAZO RYIHUTIRWA

Nyuma y’ivuka ry’ishyaka RDI-Rwanda Rwiza, ndetse na nyuma y’ibiganiro na bamwe mu bayobozi b’iryo shyaka, twasanze ari ngombwa ko duhindura izina ry’urubuga rwacu. Kugira ngo hatabaho kwitiranya iryo shyaka n’urubuga rwacu.

Aho kwitwa RWANDA RWIZA kuva ubu twitwa RWIZA News, kuri facebook naho twahinduye izina twitwa URUBUGA RWIZANEWS. Ariko mu gihe tugitunganya neza urubuga turacyakoresha rwandarwiza.unblog.fr ku bashaka gukurikirana amakuru yacu. Ku bashaka kuduha amakuru mwakoresha rwandarwiza@ymail.com mu gihe tutarabaha indi email mwakoresha.

Murakoze

Ubwanditsi bwa Rwiza News

HASHIZE IMYAKA 19, INGABO ZA FPR ZIGABYE IGITERO SIMUSIGA CYA 8 GASHYANTARE 1993

HASHIZE IMYAKA 19, INGABO ZA FPR ZIGABYE IGITERO SIMUSIGA CYA 8 GASHYANTARE 1993 1994_Rwanda_genocide_14332

Icyo gitero cyakuye mu byabo abaturage barenga miriyoni imwe

Icyo gitero ingabo za FPR zakigabye zirenze ku masezerano yo guhagarika imirwano zari zagiranye na Leta y’u Rwnda y’icyo gihe.

Urwitwazo rwabaye Rapport yari yasohotse ku ihohoterwa ry’ikiremwa muntu ngo ryakorwaga na Leta y’icyo gihe. Abakoze iyo rapport barimo Filip Reyntjens, Jean Carbonare n’abandi bari muri commission yari itewe inkunga na Fédération internationale des droits de l’homme, Africa Watch, l’UIDH (Ouagadougou) et le CIDPDD/ICHRDD (Montréal)  bakoze ingendo mu Rwanda mu kwezi kwa Mutarama 1993,  bamara igihe kinini mu karere kagenzurwaga na Leta y’icyo gihe ariko bamara amasaha 2 mu karere kagenzurwaga na FPR! Umuntu akibaza niba mu masaha 2 gusa bari bamenye amakuru ahagije! Ikindi ni uko bari baherekejwe n’abasirikare ba FPR aho bajyaga hose mu gihe mu gace ka Leta bagendaga bonyine bakabaza uwo bashatse. Tubibutse ko mu karere FPR yari ifite icyo gihe abaturage bose bari barahunze!

Iyo Rapport yasohotse umunsi ubanza ku munsi ukurikiyeho ingabo za FPR zayigize urwitwazo ngo rwo guhana Leta ya Perezida Habyalimana. Icyo gitero cyakuye mu byabo abaturage basaga Miriyoni, gihitana n’abandi batagira ingano, ku buryo nko kuri Base ahahoze ari Komini Nyamugari imirambo yari yuzuye mu muhanda ku buryo imodoka za GOMN (Groupe d’Observateurs Militaires ”Neutres”), zabuze aho zica zigasaba abasirikare ba FPR gukura iyo mirambo mu muhanda ngo bashobore guhita.

Ubwo bwicanyi ari GOMN,  ari n’abo ngo bahagarariye ibijyanye n’uburenganzira bw’ikiremwa muntu nta n’umwe wigeze agira icyo abuvugaho.

Iki gitero kandi cyaranzwe no kwangiza ibikorwa by’amajyambere nk’urugomero rw’amasharazi rwa Ntaruka n’ibindi..

Iki gitero bigaragara ko cyari kimaze iminsi myinshi gitegurwa iyo Rapport ikaba yari urwitwazo, dore ko icyo gitero cyatangiranye ingufu nyinshi, ariko igihe ingabo za kera (FAR) zari zimaze kwisuganya zigatangira kumerera nabi ingabo za FPR, (urugero nka Nyamagumba n’ahandi mu Karere ka Ruhengeri) no mu gihe uwari umugaba Mukuru w’ingabo mushya Général Major BEM Nsabimana a.k.a Castar yateguraga igitero simusiga, FPR yahise yemera guhagarika imirwano no ”gusubira mu birindiro bya mbere ya 8 Gashyantare 1993”. Ariko ako karere kakomeje kuba mu maboko ya FPR, abaturage bashatse ku gasubiramo ndetse n’abayobozi batowe n’abo baturage batavugaga rumwe na FPR, barishwe mu buryo budasobanutse. Igitangaje MINUAR ntacyo yabikozeho.

Umugabo umwe wari ukomeye muri FPR w’umuhutu, tutiriwe tuvuga izina, inshuti ye yaramubajije iti:Ese buriya biriya FPR yakoraga ntabwo mwabibonaga? Yarasubije ngo ibyabaye kuri Capitaine Donat Muvunanyambo byabereye isomo benshi binabatera ubwoba (Donat Muvunanyambo yishwe ku itegeko rya Kagame kubera ko yagaragazaga ku mugaragaro ko atishimiye ubwicanyi bwakorerwaga abahutu na FPR). Uwo mugabo kandi yakomeje abwira inshuti ye ko iyo hataba abahutu n’abandi batutsi bashyira mu gaciro muri FPR, ngo intagorwa z’abatutsi zarimo zari kumarira abahutu k’icumu ntihagire n’uwo kubara inkuru usigara.

 

Umwanzuro

Iki gitero cyagaragaje ibintu byinshi byari byihishe ku miterere nyayo ya FPR.

-Byagaragarije FPR ko ishobora kwitwaza guhohoterwa kw’abatutsi isi yose ikabyemera

-Ko ishobora kubura imirwano igihe ishakiye amahanga ntagire icyo avuga

-Ko ishobora kwica abantu uko ishatse ntihanwe

-Ko gufata igihugu hakoreshejwe ingufu bishoboka

-Ko abanyamashyaka nta gahunda nzima bagira uretse kwishakira ubutegetsi gusa. (Bamwe mu banyamashyaka babazaga abavanywe mu byabo ba Nyacyonga babashinyagurira ngo bahunze iki?)

-Abantu benshi bajijinganyaga kwinjira mu nkotanyi bavuye mu Rwanda no mu bindi bihugu iki gitero cyabateye akanyabugabo.

-Ikindi cyagaragaye n’uko abanyarwanda bari bariciyemo ibice ku buryo bugaragara, aho bamwe mu bari batuye umujyi wa Kigali bashinyaguriraga impunzi zahunze intambara. Ntabwo byatinze nabo muri 1994 akaga kabageraho.

-Hagaragaye kandi ko agaciro k’abantu atari kamwe imbere ya FPR n’amahanga, aho ngo guhorera abatutsi bahohoterwaga mu Rwanda byabaye ngombwa ko kubahorera hahanwa Leta y’u Rwanda byagombaga gukura mu byabo abaturage barenze miriyoni abandi batagira ingano bakicwa. Ibi byibutsa ukuntu FPR mu gushaka ngo gucyura impunzi za kera zitageraga no kuri 500.000 hakoreshejwe ingufu no gushaka gufata ubutegetsi,  yatumye hapfa abanyarwanda batabarika mu Rwanda no muri Congo (n’ubu bagipfa) abandi bakaba impunzi. Bikaba byarakuruye ibibazo mu karere kose bitazapfa birangiye mu minsi ya vuba. Mu gihe abo FPR yavugaga ngo iracyura bamwe muri bo barongeye barahunga!

-Ikindi iki gitero bivugwa ko cyari kigamije, n’ukugira ngo FPR ishobore kwaka byinshi mu mishyikirano yarimo na Leta ya Habyalimana i Arusha.

 

Marc Matabaro 

PAUL KAGAME: A GENERAL WITHOUT GENERALS by Dr Théogène Rudasingwa

« General Kagame’s moves, attitude, behavior and actions are more acts of desperation than coherent strategy. »:Dr Théogène Rudasingwa

PAUL KAGAME: A GENERAL WITHOUT GENERALS by Dr Théogène Rudasingwa 1325721684-198x300

Dr Théogène Rudasingwa

General Paul Kagame’s recent « arrests » of his notorious generals and colonels ( Ibingira, Rutatina, Munyuza, et al) left Rwandans and the international community speculating as to what the errant General Kagame is up. You might recall that last year we tried to make sense of his unintelligent reshuffle in which Karenzi, Rutatina and Munyuza, officers that he distrusts, hates and despises, were to head key security organisations and departments ( National Security Agency, Directorate of Military Intellegence, and External Intelligence). We have been proved right. General Kagame’s moves, attitude, behavior and actions are more acts of desperation than coherent strategy. He may boast that he will rise and never fall, but he is a general without real generals.
Ten Things that Can Happen to General Paul Kagame’s Generals:

1. Inconsequential Promotions and Deployments:

The greatest danger signal to a general in Rwanda is when he is asked to become a Minister of Defence or head the National Security Service ( NSS). Lt. Generals Kayumba Nyamwasa and Marcel Gatsinzi have been there. Currently James Kabarebe occupies the glamourous post of Minister of Defence, essentially retired out of active military service. General Kagame is his own Defence Minister and Chief Intelligence Officer. He would never sub-contract this functions to anybody.

2. Deport to a Diplomatic Mission:

Lt. General Kayumba Nyamwasa was banished to India as Ambassador at a time when Kagame was looking for every avenue to marginalise or kill him.

3. « Agatebe » ( reduced to being redundant):

Generals will be humiliated with trumpted up charges ( General Muhire, corruption; General Karenzi, sexual immorality, Rwigamba, corruption etc). Without support from the state, the officers are impoverished and left to beg for mercy from General Kagame.

4. Criminalised:

General Kagame has criminalized his Generals. From the killing of President Habyarimana, President Ntaryamira, President Laurent Kabila, the crimes of Kibeho and Democratic Republic of Congo, the assassinations of his comrades in the RPA, Seth Sendashonga, Lizinde, Kayumba assassination attampt, and many others, General Kagame has corrupted otherwise good officers to become criminals. Now they are trapped with him as co-criminals.

5. Send to DRC on commercial errands:

With an appetite for DRC’s mineral wealth, General Kagame has sent his Generals to loot for him. When their actions become public knowledge, he disowns and « arrests » them. Trader-in-Chief becomes law and discipline enforcer, prosecutor and Judge.

6. Blackmail:

General Kagame uses Generals to spy on each other, as they compete for his ear, attention and favors. He keeps dossiers on them and at the opportune moment blackmails them into silence and forced loyalty to him.

7. Apologize:

Like in the Stalinist era, Generals who have fallen from grace are asked by Kagame’s coterie of civilian and military ( RPF and RDF) officers to apologize for sins they did not commit and abandon « bad influences. » Inyumba, Tito Rutaremara, James kabarebe, Kayonga, et al have tried this on Nyamwasa, Karegeya, and many others.

8. Start a war:

General Kagame has always been the General who leads from the safety of the rear. He does not care who goes to war, and whether they survive or not. He has made his Generals behave like automatons who must fight his futile wars in Congo, wars without purpose, wars of plunder, and very costly wars in human terms. While Kagame’s generals are 99.99% Tutsi, the expendable men are mostly Hutu.

9. Demobilize:

General Kagame takes Rwanda Defence Forces as his personal army. Frequently, after beating officers, he chases them out of « his army ».

10. Kill them:

Ultimately, if a General cannot bend to Kagame’s way, he must be killed. The cases of Nyamwasa and Karegeya illustrate this point. Kagame uses meetings with officers to hammer this point to his Generals and other officers.

Napoleon once said that an army moves on its stomach. He probably over-emphasised the stomach part and forgot that an army, and its generals as its leaders, must have a national purpose and a conscience that defends a people, not the commercial and personal interests of a dictator. General Kagame has destroyed Rwanda’s Generals. He has become a General without Generals. And the generals have become an endangered species. Only themselves and the Rwandan citizens will save them from extinction.

Ingabire is under trial for crimes she committed:Maj. Gen. Frank Mugambage

Ingabire is under trial for crimes she committed:Maj. Gen. Frank Mugambage Frank-Mugambage

Major General Frank Mugambage

It’s 10:45am. I telephone the Rwandese High Commissioner to Uganda Maj. Gen. Frank Mugambage, informing him of my arrival at his office in Kamwokya, Kampala for the 11:00am interview.

The embassy premises are spotless clean with a carefully mowed compound. The lovely flowers welcome you to the receptionist’s office.

“You have to wait for a couple of minutes since I have guests from Kigali,” he responds.

A few minutes later, I am led to his office.

A beaming Mugambage says Rwanda is now a story of development. “You have to capture two sides. One is that we Rwandese have refused to live in the past. Everyone remembers genocide but we have now lived out of that and created a future. We had to justify lives which were lost in the genocide and the RPF struggle,” he notes.

Clad in a black coat, a pair of jeans and brown shoes, the High Commissioner who fought alongside President Paul Kagame in the Rwanda Patriotic Front that captured power in 1994, narrates why the country attaches considerable importance to the Heroes’ Day celebrations.

“Every February 1st, we celebrate Heroes’ Day. Fundamentally, any society that holds together must have a system of values built around culture. Individuals that have made a contribution to the well–being of society must be recognized. Surely, role modeling is part of our culture,” says Mugambage.

The High Commissioner, who lived in Kahungye, Kamwenge District for 30 years, further notes such role models should be credited to encourage the young people to work hard for the collective good.

“Our people must contribute to common good. You must belong to a society. One must have a responsibility to contribute to it. When we talk about heroes, we mean extraordinary selflessness.”

He says there are few categories on which heroism is built.

“There are extreme cases. Look at how the country was mismanaged before 1994. It took the courage of young, gallant and brave soldiers to turn Rwanda around.”

Mugambage says the “Unknown soldier” who was recognized during the Heroes’ Day represents all combatants especially those who could not be easily identified, who died during the liberation war that ended the 1994 genocide.

He further notes Maj. Gen. Fred Rwigyema who was shot on the second day of the war, was recognised for his great ideas and bravery until he lost his life.

Mugambage gives another example of King Mutara Rutahigwa who mobilized his people to defeat colonialists and died in the struggle in Bujumbura.

“Mutara empowered Rwandese to get out of the colonial mentality. He fought for freedoms of the Rwandan people. He built a foundation to fight such injustices and gave Rwandese quality education,” Mugambage notes.

He also cites Agatha Uwuringiyimana who was Prime Minister at the time of genocide.

“When it was being planned, she refused to be part of it despite belonging to this ruling class of Hutu. In the process, she was killed. The army invaded her home, remember she was being guarded by UN, and was killed. Her act of extreme courage and giving away her life is extraordinary. It’s an act of heroism.”

“Even Rwagasana the brother to Kayibanda refused to promote the genocide ideology. He rejected the idea of divisionism.”

HEROINES

As I take a glass of water, Mugambage gives another example of another heroine a one Niyitegeka who lived in Gisenyi at the time of genocide. She was killed after protesting the murder of Tutsis by her brother, a Colonel in Hutu army.

“Around 1996, there was an attempt by genocidal forces to reorganize and attack Rwanda. They pounced on Nyange School at night, forcing students to separate along tribal lines. But the girls refused, saying “we are all Rwandese.” The Hutus killed all of them. It was a sign of courage and selflessness.

“All in all we recognize those who have contributed in a special way as role models. Those actions should be emulated. Rwanda is all about recognising acts of selflessness and encouraging efforts to build Rwanda,” she said.

After listening to this heart-tearing genocidal tale, the hard questions start flowing.

POLITICAL SPACE

I now press Mugambage to explain why a good number of opposition politicians complain of lack of space to fully participate in the democratization process of the country. I put it to him that they accuse President Kagame of political intolerance and harassment.

He responds: “Rwandans feel and enjoy all freedoms. Rwanda has built institutions of governance in designing which course to take regarding social, political and economic issues. And Rwandans are enjoying this.”

Mugambage says other mechanisms that guarantee that space are in place.

He cites the annual December National Dialogue conferences held in Kigali.

“The people have a chance to put their grievances before the President face to face. It’s only Rwanda where leaders meet people in such a manner. How can you say there is no space when leaders are opening up? It’s common knowledge that people can reach out to the President via IT. He is on Twitter. It’s common knowledge that we are building IT structures connecting different places all these social networks are enhanced by such investments.”

He encourages Rwandans to engage in Dialogue. “So many political parties can participate freely. However, there are prophets of doom – those who have nothing to say. We have enabled Rwandese to talk and contribute new ideas,” Mugambage affirms.

INGABIRE

How about opposition bigwig Victorie Ingabire who has been in detention for long?

Mugambage says Ingabire is under trial for crimes she committed. He says Ingabire financially supported the rebel FDLR in Congo to cause instability in Rwanda. He says there is ample evidence from international money transfer organisations to pin her in subversive actitivities.

“This is what we call building accountability and transparency. Even ministers and generals can be arrested. It’s not about who you are. When we talk about transparency you don’t categorise people. All are equal before the law. The Case against Ingabire is concrete. Former FDLR Colonels have confirmed she worked with them.”

GENERALS’ ARREST

Then I press another button, inquiring why three generals (Chief of staff Reserve Forces Lt. Gen Fred Ibingira, Military Intelligence Director Gen. Richard Rutatina, Division Commander Brig. Gen Wilson Gumisiriza and the External Security Director Col. Dan Munyuza) were recently arrested. Was it because of their alleged links with renegade RDF officers Col. Patrick Karegeya and Gen. Kayumba Nyamwasa?

“It’s about accountability. It goes against what their institutions stand for. They were put under house arrest for involving themselves in illegal Congo business deals. If it’s established that whatever actions they were engaged in were contrary to the code of conduct of the institutions they serve, courts will do their job. They are being investigated,” says Mugambage.

“When you take the position of leadership, you must live to expected standards of what it calls for. If you misuse power, you are held accountable. Whether you are minister or general, you must work for common good. This is a disciplinary measure which is part of effecting accountability,” he notes.

How about rumours that indeed the arrested officers had developed a relationship with the Kayumbas? Mugambage says he has no time for rumours.

“These are simple cases of holding people accountable for things done.  Those are speculations. There is a whole institution of Defence so arresting three people is not a big deal. How do measure an entire institution against three individuals?” he wonders.

Then as the mood heats up, I ask Mugambage whether the embassy has investigated the murder of Rwandese journalist Charles Ingabire in Kampala last year.

“I heard that journalist had conflicts with his own friends. People want to make him big. We regret the death but don’t make him a Mandela. If he was popular how come I didn’t I know him. He had mismanaged a microfinance and orphanage before fleeing to Uganda,” notes Mugambage.

“Why target him? Rwanda can’t do investigations in Uganda. We coordinate very well with security organs here in Uganda. We have an Interpol arrangement and also liaise with security here. That’s what President Kagame said the other day that if you are Rwandese living in Uganda, obey the law and promote interests of the country. It’s not true that people are being harassed.”

Several opposition leaders especially Rwanda People’s Party President John Karuranga say there is need for peace talks between Kagame and exiled politicians for the good of the country.

“That’s being outrageous. Kagame operates under the mandate of 11.5 million people. If somebody wants dialogue, they are exaggerating their own. What mandate does Karuranga have? He is free to come and dialogue like any other citizen during national dialogue forums. He can even join the system. Even Pierre Rwigyema returned from exile and mixed freely with Rwandese. I think Karuranga wants to walk to moon,” clarifies Mugambage.

Then I push further on a recent UN report pinning a top leader of the Rwandese living in Uganda in illegal gold transactions.

“I haven’t read the report. I have been busy. But we take it very seriously. Our policy is very clear. Rwanda must be looked at in its outright vision. Our development process is not about minerals but human resource development. We intend to develop a knowledge-based economy,” stresses Mugambage.

Being a very busy diplomat, he picks two telephone calls during the interview.

I then ask if Rwanda has evidence that exiled army officers Kayumba and Karegeya have been planting grenades in Kigali.

He responds: “Do you have any doubts? They are witnesses. Those officers are behind grenade attacks in Kigali. For sure they were planned attacks. The Kayumbas, out of devilish thinking, are using misguided people. Rwanda is credited for being peaceful. But these are isolated incidents which one cannot base on to judge security standards. Kigali is very safe. Even in New York, these incidents happen. It’s wishful thinking for those who have hopes of causing instability because the security apparatus is supported by the people.”

Then one for the road: I inquire the motive behind the renewed relationship between Kagame and President Yoweri Museveni.

“The relationship of the two countries is very old. It spans for many centuries. There have been so many intermarriages and cross border trade. Ugandans and Rwandans are the same people. Museveni and Kagame are free to move in and out of Rwanda. Though our relationship had some turbulence, I can say it’s now on the right track.”

 

Muhame Giles

Source: Chimpreports

Agatereranzamba mu rubanza rw’abashatse kwivugana Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa

Agatereranzamba mu rubanza rw’abashatse kwivugana Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa  kayumba-hospital-300x201

Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa mu bitaro

Nyuma y’aho abantu bashatse kwivugana Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, wahoze ari Umugaba Mukuru w’ingabo ndetse akaza guhagararira u Rwanda mu gihugu cy’Ubuhindi. Hafashwe abantu 6 barimo n’umucuruzi Pascal Kanyandekwe bari muri uwo mugambi dore ko nyuma yo kumurasa agakomereka, habayeho undi mugambi wo gushaka kumwivugana ubwo yari mu bitaro. Hamenyekanye ko Pascal Kanyandekwe yashatse guha Polisi ruswa ingana na Miriyoni 1 y’amadorali, ndetse hari n’amajwi yafashwe mu gihe bamwe mu bakuriye iperereza ry’u Rwanda, nka Gen Jack Nziza na Col Dan Munyuza bageragezaga gutanga amafaranga kugirango Lt Gen Kayumba yicwe hakoreshejwe uburyo bwose bushoboka harimo n’amarozi!

Umutangabuhamya w’ingenzi w’ubushinjacyaha witwa ISSAK MOHAMED, w’umunyakenya dore ko atari umutanzaniya nk’uko bikunze kuvugwa, yari yarafashwe hanyuma ararekurwa igihe hari hamaze gukorwa ibazwa ry’igihe kirekire na polisi aho yashinjaga bagenzi be bafunze mu itsinda rya kabili ryagiye gushaka kwica Kayumba aho yari arwariye mu bitaro!

Kuri uyu wa mbere tariki ya 6 Gashyantare 2012, ISSAK MOHAMED yaje mu rukiko agomba gusubiramo ubuhamya yatanze muri polisi,  noneho imbere y’umucamanza. Akigera mu rukiko yatangiye gutitira avuga ibintu bitajyanye avuga ko afite ubwoba bwinshi aterwa n’abantu bamuhamagara bamwe biyita abapolisi b’Afrika y’Epfo abandi ngo biyita ba maneko ba leta y’u Rwanda! Arongera ati ibyo navuze mbere nabitewe n’umupolisi wambazaga antera ubwoba bigatuma naranditse ibintu uko bitari, ariko kubera ukuntu umucamanza yamubonaga atitira ahitamo kumubaza niba yagaruka bukeye kugirango ashyire ubwenge ku gihe kandi polisi imujyane aharindirwa abatangabuhamya (WITNESS PROTECTION PROGRAM) aremera! Nibwo urubanza rwasubikwaga

Ku wa kabiri tariki ya 7 Gashyantare 2012  noneho uyu Mohamed aje byagaragaye ko abunganira ba bandi bashinjwa gushaka kwivugana Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa ndetse na Murumuna wa Kanyandekwe Pascal watumwe na leta yu Rwanda gushyira amafaranga mu gikorwa cyo kwivugana Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, baba baragiranye umubonano na Mohamed rwihishwa, ni uko ageze ku rukiko mu gitondo bamugira inama yo kutitaba urukiko!!!

Ariko abapolisi n’ubushinjacyaha baba bigeze kumubona mu kirongozi (corridor) z’urukiko aganira n’abunganira abaregwa! Ni uko ubushinjacyaha buba busabye ko yakorerwa inyandiko yo kumufata!! Nibwo murumuna wa Kanyandekwe yihinaga hanze y’urukiko akamuhamagara hanyuma abunganira abaregwa bahita babwira umucamanza ko ashobora kuba ari hafi y’inzu z’urukiko!!! Ubwo urubanza rwasubitsweho isaha kugirango abanze ashakishwe! Nyuma y’isaha yari amaze kuhagera bamubajije icyatumye atitaba urukiko nkuko byari biteganyijwe,  abeshya ko yari yabuze aho ahagarika imodoka ye kandi ko atashoboraga gusiga imodoka ye yonyine ahantu atizeye!

Ubwo ubushinjacyaha bwahise busobanura ko yahahoze ndetse bikaba bigaragara ko abunganira abashatse kwica Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa harimo n’umu avocat uhagarariye leta y’u Rwanda baba bakorana nawe binyuranyije n’amategeko  y’imiburanishirize y’urubanza. Basabye imbabazi bizeza urukiko ko bitazongera ko rwaca inkoni izamba ntirumufunge ko icyabibateye kwari ukugirango bakore uko bashoboye ngo uwo mutangabuhamya aze asobanure ko ibyo yavuze mbere bitari byo! Ubushinjacyaha bwasabye ko yahita afatwa akajyanwa muri gereza ariko umucamanza yemerera abunganira abaregwa ko adafungwa ariko ko abihanangirije bwa nyuma! Urubanza ruba rurasubitswe kugeza kuwa gatanu tariki ya 10 Gashyantare 2012.

Muri uru rubanza haragaragara ko Leta y’u Rwanda, yaba yarateye ubwoba uriya mutangabuhamya cyangwa ikamwemerera agatubutse, kuko imyitwarire ye muri ruriya rubanza iteye amakenga, kandi kenshi bikaba biterwa n’abunganira abaregwa gushaka kwica Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa bamushyiraho igitutu bafatanije n’abunganira Leta y’u Rwanda ndetse na Murumuna wa Pascal Kanyandekwe umwe mu baregwa.

Twagerageje kubaza abo mu ihuriro RNC icyo batekereza kuri uru rubanza n’ukwivuguruza kw’umutangabuhamya, batubwira ko ntacyo badutangariza ubu, ahubwo ibyiza hategerezwa imyanzuro y’uru rubanza ngo kuko bizeye ubutabera bw’igihugu cy’Afrika y’Epfo.

 

Ruben Barugahare

Maneko w’u Rwanda mu gihugu cya Suède yahawe amasaha 48!

Maneko w'u Rwanda mu gihugu cya Suède yahawe amasaha 48! Amb-Venetia-Sebudandi

Evode Mudaheranwa inyuma ya Ambassadrice Venetia Sebudandi

 

Amakuru atugeraho ava i STOCKHOLM muri gihugu cya SUEDE, aravuga ko Leta y’igihugu cya SUEDE yahaye umujyanama wa Kabiri wa Ambassade y’u Rwanda muri icyo gihugu, ndetse akaba na Maneko witwa Evode MUDAHERANWA,  amasaha 48 akaba yavuye ku butaka bw’icyo gihugu. Ntabwo turamenya impamvu y’icyo cyemezo cya Leta ya SUEDE. Nitubona andi makuru kuri iyi yirukanwa turayabagezaho.

Marc Matabaro 

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